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NE Brazil 14 days – states of Ceará and Bahia

 

Clique no link a seguir para versão em português Flag_of_Brazil.svg : Tour Nordeste_14 dias

Tour itinerary:

Day 01: Arrive in Fortaleza – transfer to Guaramiranga / Serra de Baturité (120 Km) mapa14dias

Day 02: Serra de Baturité – transfer to Quixadá (110 Km)

Day 03: Quixadá – transfer to Potengi / Chapada do Araripe (500 Km)

Day 04: Chapada do Araripe

Day 05: Chapada do Araripe – transfer to Canudos (360 Km)

Day 06: Canudos, transfer to Lençóis / Chapada Diamantina (560 Km)

Day 07: Chapada Diamantina

Day 08: Chapada Diamantina, transfer to Boa Nova (450 Km)

Day 09: Boa Nova

Day 10: Boa Nova, transfer to Camacan / Serra Bonita Reserve (240 Km)

Day 11: Serra Bonita

Day 12: Serra Bonita, transfer to Porto Seguro (200 Km)

Day 13: Porto Seguro / Veracel Reserve

Day 14: Departure from Porto Seguro airport

 

Tour details:

Day 01: Arrive in Fortaleza International airport – transfer to Serra de Baturité (120 Km). This mountain range (Baturite) lies at 800 m, c.120km south of Fortaleza. The humid forested mountain slopes grade into deciduous forest then xeric caatinga in lower areas. Some of the key birds: Gray-breasted Parakeet, Buff-breasted Tody-Tyrant, Gray-headed Spinetail, Slender-footed Tyrannulet, Ceara Gnateater, Rufous-breasted (Ceara) Leaftosser, Lesser (Northern) Woodcreeper among others. Night in Guaramiranga.

Day 02: Birding Serra de Baturite until midafternoon and transfer to Quixadá (110 Km). One and a half hour drive from Serra de Baturité, Quixadá is characterized by inselbergs or monolitos (strange rock formations that resemble icebergs). At this usually hot and dry site, the target bird is Pygmy Nightjar, which roosts and breeds among the rocks, cacti and terrestrial bromeliads. We will stay on Hotel Pedra dos Ventos, which has very good accommodation and the birds are on the hotel’s garden. We also will start with the “Caatinga Endemics” such as Cactus Parakeet, Caatinga Cachalote, White-napped Jay, Ochre-backed Woodpecker, Ochraceus Piculet (among others) and with luck, the rare White-browed Guan.

Day 03: Early morning birding Quixada and transfer to Chapada do Araripe (500 Km – long drive). This is a plateau in the south of the state of Ceará. The region is rich in birds due the diversity of the habitats, the vegetation in the top of the plateau is a mixed of moist forest near the slopes, cerrado and caatinga. There are several springs along the foothills, with moist forest that is the only habitat for the amazing Araripe Manakin. In the dry vegetation of the top of the plateau we will also find many endemics such as Great Xenops, Silvery-cheeked Antshrike, Red-shouldered Spinetail, Caatinga Antshrike, Tawny Piculet, White-browed Antpitta, Caatinga Antwren, etc.

Day 04: Full day birding Chapada do Araripe.

Day 05: transfer to the unique Lear’s Macaw Reserve at Canudos (360 Km) where we will stay in the very nice and rustic accommodations of the Reserve, facing Lear’s Macaw roosting area. Birding in the afternoon in Caatinga nearby the Reserve for Red-shouldered Spinetail, the local races of Lesser and Greater Wagtail-Tyrant, Least Nighthawk, Blue-crowned Parakeet, etc.

Day 06: Early morning visit to Lear’s (Indigo) Macaw roosting site (always fantastic!!!). After birding, come back for breakfast in the Reserve accommodations and another long drive to Chapada Diamantina (560 Km). Night in the nice town of Lençois.

Day 07: Full day birding Chapada Diamantina. Due to altitudinal gradients, the mountains retain humid air from the sea and with rain shadows; there is a high diversity of habitats – caatinga, cerrado, campo rupestre (arid mountain shrubs), moist forest, gallery forest. Regional endemics include Hooded Visorbearer and the recently described Sincorá Antwren and Diamantina Tapaculo.

Lots of birds to see here, just to mention some other targets: Sao Francisco Sparrow, Grey-backed Tachuri, Pale-throated Serra-finch, Horned Sungem, Broad-tipped Hermit, Spotted Piculet, Rufous-sided Pygmy-Tyrant, Collared Crescentchest, White-banded Tanager are all around.

Day 08: Birding Chapada Diamantina part of the morning and drive to Boa Nova ( 450 Km). Arrive in Boa Nova PM. Boa Nova is located in the southwest of Bahia state where the Montane Atlantic forests meets the Caatinga. The region is home to over 400 bird species including the restricted Slender Antbird and Narrow-billed Antwren, both confined to a small area of eastern Brazil, a transitional area with dry vegetation known as “mata-de-cipo”. In less than 20 minutes of driving we leave the dry forest to a lush Atlantic forest, where we bird for species such as Striated Softtail, Bahia Spinetail, Rio de Janeiro Antbird, Fork-tailed Tody-Tyrant, White-collared Foliage-gleaner, Pin-tailed Manakin, Pallid Spinetail, Ferruginous Antbird, Gilt-edged Tanager and several more Atlantic Forest species.

Day 09: Full day birding Boa Nova.

Day 10: AM Birding Boa Nova (if necessary) and transfer (240 Km) to Serra Bonita Reserve (very nice jungle lodje). Some of the main targets are the unique Pink-legged Graveteiro, Bahia Tyrannulet and many more rarities as Plumbeus Antvireo, Salvatori’s Antwren; the rare Atlantic race (to be split) of Rufous-brown Solitaire, Atlantic Birds as the beauty Blue Manakin, Eastern-striped Manakin, Spot-backed Antshrike, Spot-billed Toucanet, Sombre Hummingbird, etc. They have feeders for hummers and Tanagers (Red-necked, Green Headed, Golden-chevroned, Azure-shouldered Tanagers are some frequent visitors).

Day 11: Full day birding Serra Bonita Reserve. The Serra Bonita Reserve is a pioneering, innovative private conservation enterprise, protecting submontane forest in Southern Bahia. It aims to protect the Brazilian Atlantic Forest through a consortium of several rural property owners, whose properties contain RPPNs (private reserves). Altogether, currently they protect 2,500 ha – the second largest privately protected area of the Central Biodiversity Corridor of the Atlantic Forest.
The RPPNs contained in each property are managed by Instituto Uiraçu, through agreements with the owners. In addition to managing these private reserves and its own, purchased through donations, the Institute aims to extend the protection to the entire Bonita Serra, one of the last remnants of submontane forest in the region, which covers an area of about 7,500 hectares in the municipalities of Camacan and Pau Brasil, Bahia.
Some of the main targets are the unique Pink-legged Graveteiro, Bahia Tyrannulet and many more rarities as Plumbeus Antvireo, Salvatori’s Antwren; the rare Atlantic race (to be split) of Rufous-brown Solitaire, Atlantic Birds as the beauty Blue Manakin, Eastern-striped Manakin, Spot-backed Antshrike, Spot-billed Toucanet, Sombre Hummingbird, etc. They have feeders for hummers and Tanagers (Red-necked, Green Headed, Golden-chevroned, Azure-shouldered Tanagers are some frequent visitors).

Day 12: Bird Serra Bonita AM if necessary and transfer (200 Km) to Porto Seguro; where we will be birding at Veracel Reserve (+ 7000 hectares Lowland Atlantic forest). Several rarities as Hooked-billed Hermit, Red-browed Parrot, Ochre-marked Parakeet, Band-tailed Antwren, Bahia Antwren, White-winged Potoo, White-winged Cotinga and the super Banded Cotinga (very rare, here is the best place to try).

Day 13: Full day birding Veracel Reserve.

Day 14: Bird AM and depart from Porto Seguro (there is an airport with daily flights to all the Brazilian main airports).

 

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